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Transport
28 May 2021
Porto is the region of the country with the best road and rail access

The region with the best road and rail access in Portugal is the Metropolitan Area of ​​Porto (AMP). This is one of the main conclusions of a study carried out by Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation, which Expresso echoes today, in the Economics section.

The study "Transport systems in Portugal: analysis of efficiency and regional impacts", by Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation, concludes that it is in the two metropolitan areas of the country that there is a better connectivity offer, justified by the greater population density. Straight after the Metropolitan Area of ​​Porto comes the region of Lisbon.

From the research coordinated by Carlos Oliveira Cruz, a professor at the Instituto Superior Técnico, Expresso highlights, it also appears that "the entry of private investors in transport companies in Portugal in recent years has brought more efficiency to this sector".

The article does not dissociate the improvement of connectivity in Porto and in the metropolitan area to the six lines of Porto underground, currently 67 kilometers long and serving seven municipalities. According to the study, this transport "has been conquering users of all ages and social segments, helping to remove more than 15 thousand cars daily from the center of the district capital, shortening distances, attracting multinationals to the region".

Comfort, reliability, and prices are advantages that users recognize and that give strength to the transport company's expansion plan, which will take advantage of the famous European "bazooka". Remember, in this regard, that the works for the construction of the Pink line [Linha Rosa] has already started, and there are plans for a new connection, which aims to alleviate the strangulation felt at the Arrábida bridge, in addition to the underground planned between Praça do Império and Boavista.

For the president of the Porto Metropolitan Council, Eduardo Vítor Rodrigues, these results are not exactly a surprise. Cited by Expresso, the mayor of Gaia comments, however, that having the best road and rail accessibility rates in the country should be the motto for doing more and better. "There is still a lot to do before reaching the Nordic level", he stresses.

It refers, in particular, to the Porto-Gaia connection, "with great daily commuting", which is still accompanied by a very long average crossing time, of about 50 minutes. "There are 50 thousand people crossing the Douro daily to work on the other bank and another 20 thousand to study", advances the mayor, supported by data from INE - Statistics Portugal.

For this reason, he argues, more road and railway works are needed, in addition to the expansion of the undergroundnd, accompanied by a new bridge and the "metrobus", without forgetting intermodality, soon possible through Campanhã Intermodal Terminal.

In the study carried out by Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation, it is also noted that, from the point of view of geographic road accessibility, "all regions saw absolute improvements between 1986 and 2019, reflecting the widespread investment in the road network. The same is not true in the railway network, where asymmetries are evident", compare the researchers.

Recently, in the "Diálogo Gallecia” initiative, the Mayor of Porto, Rui Moreira, and the President of the Regional Government of Galicia, Alberto Núñez Feijóo, discussed precisely the need to build a new rail link between the North of Portugal and Galicia, as fundamental for the development of the two regions.

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